Cost-effectiveness for large and bulky items or for long-distance shipping Ability to transport a large volume of goods at once Availability of various types of ships for different types of cargo Low carbon emissions compared to other modes of transport Relatively low risk of cargo theft or damage compared to other modes of transport
The types of ships used in ocean freight can vary depending on the type of cargo being transported. Some common types of ships include: Container ships for standard sized containers Bulk carriers for unpackaged cargo such as grain or coal Tankers for liquids such as oil or chemicals Roll-on/roll-off (Ro-Ro) ships for vehicles or other rolling cargo Refrigerated ships for temperature-sensitive goods
The weight and size limitations for ocean freight can vary depending on the ship and shipping line. Typically, cargo weight is limited by the capacity of the ship and the availability of space on board. Shipping lines may also have specific requirements for container sizes and weights. Oversized or overweight cargo may require special handling and additional fees.
Regulations governing ocean freight can vary by country and region. The International Maritime Organization (IMO) is responsible for regulating international shipping, including safety standards, environmental protection, and security measures. Each country may also have its own regulations for shipping and cargo handling.